AI Glossary

This glossary of selected items have been ordered in relation to the Complexity Scale for AI (described on page 10) developed by Jeremy Wyatt.

This glossary has been developed using Wikipedia except where specifically indicated and referenced. For further detail, a comprehensive glossary of AI terms can be found on Wikipedia.

Autonomous vehicle

An autonomous car (also known as a driverless car and a selfdriving car) is a vehicle that can sense its environment and navigate without human input. Autonomous cars combine a variety of techniques to perceive their surroundings, including radar, laser light, GPS, odometry, and computer vision. Advanced control systems interpret sensory information to identify appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and relevant signage.

Argumentation, temporal or spatial reasoner

Spatial–temporal reasoning is an area of artificial intelligence which draws from the fields of computer science, cognitive science, and cognitive psychology. The theoretic goal—on the cognitive side—involves representing and reasoning spatial-temporal knowledge in mind. The applied goal—on the computing side— involves developing high-level control systems of robots for navigating and understanding time and space. An example is a Qualitative Simulation and Modelling (QSIM).

Machine translation tool

Machine translation (MT) is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one language to another. A deep learning-based approach to MT, neural machine translation has made rapid progress in recent years.

Care companion robot

Robot used to aid in caring for someone or to provide them with companionship. A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within.

Chatbot

A chatbot (also known as a talkbots, chatterbot, Bot, IM bot, interactive agent, or Artificial Conversational Entity) is a computer program which conducts a conversation via auditory or textual methods. Such programs are often designed to convincingly simulate how a human would behave as a conversational partner, thus passing the ‘Turing Test’ (a test proposed by Alan Turing in 1950, of a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human). Some chatbots use sophisticated natural language processing systems to parse the meaning of the user’s input,
but many simpler systems scan for keywords within the input, then pull a reply with the most matching keywords, or the most similar wording pattern, from a database.

Surgical or pharmacy robot

Robot used to support surgical or pharmacy tasks such as making the right shaped cavity in the femur for a hip replacement
or selecting the right type and number of pills to fill a medicine bottle in a pharmacy. A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer—capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within.

Mammogram interpretation system

A system using AI that assists doctors in the interpretation of medical images, specifically breast screening mammograms.
Most systems highlight suspicious areas for human attention, though completely autonomous systems are being developed.